Mortality Management

General Information

  • Best Environmental Management Practices - Mortality Management (Purdue University) PDF
  • Carcass Disposal: A Comprehensive Review (Natl Ag Biosecurity Center Consortium) PDF
  • Dead Poultry Disposal (Texas A&M) PDF
  • Deadstock Disposal (Ontario Ministry of Ag, Food and Rural Affairs) HTML
  • Livestock Carcass Disposal (Minnesota Pollution Control Agency) PDF
  • Livestock Decision Making Tools (Alberta Ag & Forestry) HTML
  • Livestock Disposal Manual (Washington State Dept of Agriculture) PDF
  • Livestock Mortality Management (Alberta Ag & Forestry) HTML
  • Managing Livestock and Poultry Mortalities (eXtension) HTML
  • Options for Dead Bird Disposal (University of Florida) PDF
  • Poultry Carcass Disposal Options for Routine and Catastrophic Mortality (CAST Issue Paper #40, Oct 2008) PDF
  • Poultry Environmental Best Management Practices (LSU Ag Center) PDF
  • Virginia Farmstead Assessment System: Poultry Litter Management and Carcass Disposal (Virginia Tech) PDF / HTML

Burial

  • A Better Method for Burying Animal Carcasses (State of Maine Dept of Ag) PDF
  • Burial Methods and Disposal Practices (Texas A&M) PDF
  • Carcass Disposal: A Comprehensive Review - Chapter 1: Burial (Natl Ag Biosecurity Center Consortium) PDF
  • Guidelines for Burial of Major Poultry Die-off: Handling Major Poultry Mortality by Burial (USDA/NRCS) PDF
  • Routine and Emergency Burial of Animal Carcasses (Texas A&M) PDF

Catastrophic Losses

  • Catastrophic Animal Mortality Management (Burial Method) Technical Guidance (USDA/NRCS) PDF
  • Guidelines for Burial of Major Poultry Die-off: Handling Major Poultry Mortality by Burial (USDA/NRCS) PDF
  • Guidelines for In-House Composting of Catastrophic Poultry Mortality (University of Maryland) PDF
  • Guide to Composting Flood-Related Animal Moralities (North Carolina Dept of Environment & Natural Res) PDF
  • Proper Disposal of Routine and Catastrophic Livestock and Poultry Mortality (Oklahoma State University) PDF

Composting

  • Composting Animal Mortalities (Minnesota Dept of Agriculture) PDF
  • Composting Dead Birds (University of Maryland) PDF
  • Composting Dead Poultry (Virginia Tech) PDF / HTML
  • Composting Poultry Carcasses (Purdue University) HTML
  • Composting Poultry Mortality (North Carolina Coop Extension) PDF / HTML
  • Cost Comparison of Composting and Incineration as Methods for Mortality Disposal (North Carolina State University) HTML
  • Natural Rendering: Composting Livestock Mortality and Butcher Waste (Cornell Waste Management Institute) HTML
  • Natural Rendering: Composting Poultry Mortality - The Emergency Response to Disease Control (Cornell Waste Management Institute) PDF
  • Troubleshooting Poultry Mortality Composters (Virginia Tech) PDF / HTML

Fermentation

  • Carcass Disposal: A Comprehensive Review - Chapter 5: Lactic Acid Fermentation (Natl Ag Biosecurity Center Consortium) PDF
  • Development of a Practical Fermentative Process for Stabilizing of Poultry Carcasses Prior to Rendering (Auburn University) HTML
  • Fermentation Mixture Formulation and the preservation of Poultry Carcasses (1995 J Applied Poultry Res 4:88-93) PDF
  • On-farm Fermentation of Poultry Carcasses (Abstract: 4th Internatl Animal By-products Symposium) PDF

Incineration

  • Carcass Disposal: A Comprehensive Review - Chapter 2: Incineration (Natl Ag Biosecurity Center Consortium) PDF
  • Cost Comparison of Composting and Incineration as Methods for Mortality Disposal (North Carolina State University) HTML
  • Incineration of Poultry Carcasses: Lessons Learned from the Virginia Avian Influenza Outbreak of 2002 (Abstract: 4th Internatl Animal By-products Symposium) PDF
  • Installation and Use of Incinerators (Alabama Coop Extension Service) PDF
  • Using Incinerators for Poultry Mortality Management (University of Tennessee) PDF